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Loss aversion is not a behavioral bias

In his famous book "Thinking, Fast and Slow", the Nobel laureate Daniel Kahneman described one common example of a behavioral finance bias: "You are offered a gamble on the toss of a [fair] coin. If the coin shows tails, you lose $100. If the coin shows heads, you win $110. Is this gamble attractive? Would you accept it?" (I have modified the numbers to be more realistic in a financial market setting, but otherwise it [...]

FX Order Flow as a Predictor

Order flow is signed trade size, and it has long been known to be predictive of future price changes. (See Lyons, 2001, or Chan, 2017.) The problem, however, is that it is often quite difficult or expensive to obtain such data, whether historical or live. This is especially true for foreign exchange transactions which occur over-the-counter. Recognizing the profit potential of such data, most FX market operators guard them as their crown jewels, never to be revealed [...]

A novel capital booster: Sports Arbitrage

By Stephen Hope   As traders, we of course need money to make money, but not everyone has 10-50k of capital lying around to start one's trading journey. Perhaps the starting capital is only 1k or less. This article describes how one can take a small amount of capital and multiply it as much as 10 fold in one year by taking advantage of large market inefficiencies (leading to arbitrage opportunities) in the sports asset [...]

Optimizing trading strategies without overfitting

By Ernest Chan and Ray Ng   Optimizing the parameters of a trading strategy via backtesting has one major problem: there are typically not enough historical trades to achieve statistical significance. Whatever optimal parameters one found are likely to suffer from data snooping bias, and there may be nothing optimal about them in the out-of-sample period. That's why parameter optimization of trading strategies often adds no value. On the other hand, optimizing the parameters of [...]